Sometimes in May there is a desire to eat some fresh green onions. But it’s customary to plant vegetables in the spring season, so there’s no such possibility. Lately growing popularity of onion cultivation. Landing is carried out in the autumn season. on fertilized beds that are already prepared. This article will discuss how to plant onions properly before winter, and what care is needed in spring.
Varieties of onions, suitable for planting in the winter
Onions are quite capricious. When the weather is dry and hot, the root crop starts throwing out the shooter. When the weather is too wet, the root crop rots.
But when landing before winter, these problems can be avoided. In the second month of summer you will have a real big harvest of onions.
but only some varieties of onions are planted in the autumn season. Therefore, your choice should be made in favor of those subspecies that are highly resistant to cold.
Pay attention to the varieties that can be planted in the fall:
- The Arctic;
Let us consider in more detail some of them:
This species is known for quickly sowing. Usually the weight of a single bulb is 0.1 kg. The flesh of the root is white and very juicy, having a sweetish aftertaste. The harvest is not stored for long.Allan variety onions
Brews this winter variety with medium speed. The shelf life is long. Differs in excellent taste and a rich harvest. The size of large fruits can vary in the range of 0.15 kg - 0.3 kg.Radar variety onions
Cakes this variety with medium speed. The color of the bulbs is red with a dark shade, the shape is slightly flattened. The flesh of the fruit is purple and juicy.
This variety is not afraid of fungus. No storage problems. It is possible to grow up this grade both on a feather, and on a turnip. Bulb size is from 0.05 kg to 0.1 kg.Onion varieties Danilovsky
When it is desirable to plant: time
Usually choose the second month of autumn, the period from the 5th to the 20thto plant onions. The time for each locality is different, and the weather is the first and determining factor.
Take into account the temperature of the soil cover. When the temperature is below + 5 ° C, it is worth starting landing. Then the bow will be able to spend the winter, and at the onset of the warm season it will begin to emerge.
When planting a crop, carefully approach the choice of place, it must be open to the wind, and that there is no moisture.
Preparing the soil for sowing: how to feed the future harvest
For landing use:
- bulbs in the amount of 10 mm - oatsuzhka;
- bulbs in size 10 mm - 30 mm - sets;
- bulbs that are more than 30 mm - onion selection.
When only greens are the target, the onion is good to use. Because large bulbs usually go to the arrow. Before planting the crop before winter, sort it out.
For guaranteed success you need to make the right choice of the site. Excellent soil type soils with sand and humus content; clay soil is well suited.
Excellent when the site is located in the south, southwest, and protected from the wind.. Choose a fertile soil, because onions have a weak root system.
Dig up the humus well with soil cover in the calculation of 5.5 kg per 1 m², also add potassium salt (11–16 g per 1 m²) and superphosphate (21–26 g per 1 m²) as mineral fertilizers.
Distribute ash to the landing site, calculating how much you need it to feed the culture, if you need 10 g per m², only then begin sowing the culture.
How to plant a bow for the winter, suitable varieties:
We plant vegetables in the fall
The surface of the land where the vegetable is planted should be flat and compacted. After it is necessary to make small furrows, the depth of which is not more than 50 mm, separated from each other by 150-200 mm.
Put small bulbs in the grooves, observing the interval from 50 mm to 70 mm. Lay on the ground is not damp, tamping loosely.
No need to water the onions planted in the fall. If there is no precipitation, then after about 10 days you can give moisture to the ground. When frost occurs, urgent action is needed.
Soil mulch With the help of fallen leaves that are not wet, pine needles, cover tightly with branches. If winter is predicted without snow, but with cold weather, a film can be applied.Place small bulbs in the grooves, keeping an interval from 50 mm to 70 mm.
Autumn Planting Tips
Consider some helpful tips on planting crops in the fall season. It is necessary to remember the following:
- Avoid plots, where garlic, beetroot, carrots used to grow.
- The landing site should be dry, do not plant where there is a possibility of stagnation of melt water, rain water.
- Handle sevok. There are two options. The first method involves wiping the bulb with potassium permanganate. The second method involves lowering the tuber into boiling water for a couple of seconds. Thanks to this, your bow will be protected from the effects of the fungus and the shooting arrows in the summer.
- Excellent height and width for the bed will be 200 mm and 1000 mm, respectively.
- When spring comes, care is needed.. Get rid of the protective coating, remove the snow from the beds. Urea is suitable as a soil fertilizer. Break through the beds, but carefully.
- When forming tubers, make a liquid feed. plants fertilizer. It is desirable that the fertilizer contains sodium and phosphorus.
- In order to avoid the attack of possible pests, spread wormwood or tansy at the landing site.
- Watering should be carried out in the period from May to 15 of the first month of summer.
Care of spring shoots
Greens will start growing already in early spring. When the leaves are dead, the root cover has become a shade inherent in this variety, you can learn about the end of the process of bulb formation.
Harvest can begin 14-21 earlier than usual.. At the same time, he is also richer. Fruits should be taken out of the ground carefully. Need to dry them.
If you have not tried to plant onions before winter, then it’s time to do it. Following the above tips, try planting a vegetable in the fall. You will be pleasantly surprised by a good harvest!