Onion is an agricultural crop, the demand for which is difficult to underestimate. Not in one kitchen and not one hostess will not do without this culture. It is widely popular in hot dishes, and in salads, and in various sauces and seasonings, and in canned food. A saturation of vegetables with vitamins contributed to the fact that now many gardeners and gardeners prefer to grow it in the winter way. After all, after a long winter and spring avitaminosis, green feathers of this vegetable are necessary on the table as early as possible.
Characteristics of winter onions
We all know the phrase "winter wheat" well, but the "winter onion" is not yet widely used by our gardeners. Although at the present stage of this method of cultivation is gaining momentum and is becoming increasingly popular.
After all, this method of cultivation does not require any effort and cost, and without much hassle it allows you to get a very early harvest of such a turnip. And the technique of growing on the shoulder, even just for beginners and gardeners gardeners.Winter onions closeup
The most popular winter vegetable varieties are:
- Shakespeare. This variety is able to withstand frost to minus 18 degrees. He is completely unpretentious and requires almost no care. Crop begin to collect in 70-80 days after planting. Bulb regular round shape with white flesh.
- Ellan This variety has high germination excellent taste of onions and early ripening. Harvest in early June. Turnips with white pulp of medium size: 100-150 grams.
- Radar. It has the same properties and characteristics as Ellan, only its bulbs are larger under favorable conditions, reaching 300 grams.
- Sturon also has excellent germination and excellent taste. In addition, it has a long shelf life (up to 8 months).
- Centurion. Also has early ripening, good germination. This variety has a more spicy taste of the bulbs and a high content of vitamin C in them.
Winter onions, regardless of its variety, are distinguished by larger fruit sizes.
Planting and care of winter onions
Onion crops are usually harvested at the end of the summer season. After cleaning the bulbs are sorted and sent to storage. Landing in the winter also has its economic advantages. For spring planting, bulbs are usually chosen to be at least 1.5 centimeters, since smaller ones before spring may simply dry out. These small onions are perfect for planting in the fall. Thus, the turnips, which could just spoil more, will delight their crops. Germination of winter onions is somewhat less than spring, but considering the fact that only culled fruits are planted before winter, the risk of loss is not present in this case at all.
Before planting winter onions, no special soil preparation is required. Simply remove the weeds, and dig up the plot. To the composition of the soil, such a culture is also very undemanding.Winter onion care: weeding and loosening
Cauliflowers, legumes, cucumbers or tomatoes are good plant predecessors.
There is also no urgent need to fertilize the site before planting the plant. It will be enough for those fertilizers that received onion precursors. You can only add a little ash to the soil.
The site should be in a well-lit place, it is better to choose a hill.
Onions are planted at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other, in the previously dug furrows. The distance between the grooves should be 15-20 cm. The turnip is deepened by no more than 3 cm. Otherwise, in the spring it will be difficult for the bulbs to break out of the ground and tamp slightly. This is what distinguishes the spring planting from the autumn; in the spring, the heads deepen deeper into the ground. Specially watering the area after planting onion heads is not necessary.Planting winter onions
Planted bulbs in the second half of August - the first half of September. The landing dates vary by region. In any case, it is necessary that the onion should be planted no later than 4 weeks before persistent frost. The plant needs to take root well and get stronger before the onset of cold weather.
Before frost be sure to warm the area with a bow. To do this, cover it with dry leaves, tops of legumes, agro-weed.
As soon as the snow melts in the spring and the earth begins to warm up, it is necessary to provide the culture with full access to sunlight. For this shelter is removed. Beds with the onset of spring and heat must be mulched. TThis procedure will not only retain sufficient moisture and heat, but also protect against overheating.
In spring, seedlings can be fed with a weak solution of mullein or chicken manure. Nitrogen fertilizers can also be used.
Watering the area with the bow in the spring, after the first shoots. Subsequently watering is carried out with a break of two weeks.
Harvest of winter onions begin to collect in early June. To harvest, you must carefully dig up ripe turnips.
Advantages and disadvantages of the methodHarvesting winter onions
The advantages of this method are quite a few, it is:
- Efficiency. Onions are planted for the winter, which could not live to see spring.
- Excellent taste.
- Unpretentiousness and undemanding in care.
- Large sizes of turnips.
Adhering to all the above recommendations, you can grow excellent onions without much hassle and effort.