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Proper cultivation of pepper seedlings at home

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In spring, every gardener gets excited. Waiting for the new planting season stirs. It is very difficult to refuse to buy another bag of seeds. Pepper seedlings first in line. Already in February, it can be planted.

Is it difficult to grow pepper seeds for seedlings

It cannot be said that growing pepper seeds for seedlings is difficult. Another thing, what seedlings work out. One of them, before transplanting into the ground, has vigorous strong plants with first flowers and even peppercorns, the other has frail sprouts, which are scary to even look at.

The main thing you need to remember when planting seeds - pepper does not like to transplant. Therefore, to prepare for it separate cups, and to exclude a pick.

Guessing with landing dates important too. When calculating take into account the variety of pepper, which are going to sow. On the bag indicate the growing season of the plant. Varieties with a long ripening period need to be sown earlier. It is easier to get a good harvest from early ripening varieties.

Pepper seedlings must be of high quality.

Seed quality also plays a role. You can find products of poor quality: low germination, the plant does not match the varietal description. Moments to help with the selection of seeds:

  1. Choose not varieties, but hybrids (F1) from them yield and vitality are higher.
  2. Availability on the bag of all data on the seed producer, including the trademark, address, telephone.
  3. On the bag is the year of receipt of seeds.
  4. Indicated number of seeds in pieces, not weight in grams.
  5. A detailed description of the agricultural care and how to grow.

How to distinguish the seedlings of bitter pepper from sweet or Bulgarian

Planted the seeds of bitter and sweet pepper. The cups are not signed. How when planting to distinguish between acute and Bulgarian seedlings? Is it possible in principle?

An experienced gardener sees the differences during growth. The bitter leaves are already longer. If you chew a leaf of adult seedlings, there will be bitterness in your mouth, it will help to distinguish them.

Distinguish seedlings from hot peppers from sweet can be chewed leaf
A good marker will solve the problem. The grade number indicated on the cup will help determine what is growing in it.

Do not plant sweet and bitter next - the main advice to a novice gardener. Because of the pollination instead of sweet can get a bitter fruit.

Home landing

Consider several methods of pre-treatment of seeds at home. The goals that are pursued are:

  • accelerate germination;
  • improve immunity;
  • exclude infections.

Eliminate infections soaking seeds in solution of potassium permanganate. 15 minutes is enough for disinfection.

Soaking seeds in potassium permanganate will help eliminate infections.

Improve immunity hardening. It is carried out within 7 days. Seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth. During the day they lie near the battery, at night in the refrigerator.

Will accelerate germination bubbling - saturation of seeds with oxygen. You need an inexpensive aquarium compressor. Seeds are immersed in a container of water and include a compressor. Seeds bubbled for 24 hours. They are dried before planting.

Capacity and Substrate Selection

Peppers grow well in transparent 350-400 ml disposable cups. In them, the roots develop well. At the bottom you can make a drain hole with a hot nail or a needle. Excess water will not linger in the glass.

Peppers do not tolerate the transplant, so they are immediately planted in a separate container according to the step by step instructions.
Plastic cups are ideal as a container for pepper seedlings.

Substrate Preparation

Can be used for planting purchased substrate containing the entire required set of trace elements. Soil mixture, cooked with his own hands, safer.

You need to prepare it in the fall. Garden land taken from the ridge, where they grew cucumbers, onions or carrots. On 1 part of the land, taken in the garden, add 1 part of peat and 1 part of humus. In a well-mixed mixture of 10 liters pour 2 tbsp. superphosphate and 2 glasses of ash. Mix everything again.

A week before planting, a soil mixture prepared with your own hands, shed phytosporine solution (10 l - 5 g). The biological product will save all beneficial microorganisms and kill fungal spores and harmful bacteria.

Sowing seeds

The cups are filled with earth. It is wet, loose and ready for planting. If there are a lot of seeds, you can sow two seeds in one cup. From germinated sprouts to leave the strongest. Weak pepper nibble. Seeding Depth - 1 cm.

Seeds are planted at a depth of 1 cm

The soil is wet, so after planting it no need to water. Put cups on a pallet and close with PVC film on top. Mini-greenhouse ready. For 2-3 weeks (this is the time of seed germination) put the greenhouse in a warm place. For germination need a temperature of 25-28 degrees.

Care

Film before germs sometimes clean for airing. If the ground dries, moisten with a sprayer. When sprouts will hatch, rearrange the pan with glasses on the window sill.

For strong seedlings need arrange artificial lighting. Include it in the mornings and evenings when there is no sun.

For lighting usually use:

  • phytolamps;
  • LED;
  • sodium;
  • metal halide.
Pepper needs a light day, which lasts 12 hours.

Water the seedlings need quite often. Peppers love the soil moderately wet. Excessive watering is bad for the health of seedlings. She can stop growing, get sick.

Before transplanting in the open ground (greenhouse) seedlings 2 times to fertilize with fertilizer Kemira Lux. For the first feeding take 1 g per liter, for the second - 2 g per liter. In glasses, if necessary, fill the ground. Roots should not be exposed.

To transplant does not become a strong stress, the peppers need preparation - hardening. You can spend it at night. Open the window so that the temperature in the room drops below 15 degrees.

Signs of quality seedlingsready to transplant:

  • Leaves saturated green in the amount of 10-12 pieces.
  • The presence of buds 1-2.
  • Stem height not less than 20 cm.

Growing pepper seedlings is an exciting experience. It can not be called difficult, since it is interesting to care for young plants. Seedlings grown with love, thanks a good harvest.

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