Tomato "Gulliver" - an early ripe determinant variety of tomato, according to its characteristics - for greenhouses and film greenhouses. In the southern regions of the country can be cultivated in the beds. Although the tomato has been developed recently by breeders, it is already popular with gardeners for high yields and unpretentious care. The plant according to the description has a low bush up to 70 cm, perfectly gets used to extreme conditions and has tasty, juicy fruits.
Description and characteristics of tomato Gulliver
The plant is recommended to form in 2 or 3 stalks. Due to carpal development, the branches become heavy during the ripening of the fruit, so they need to be tied up.
Fruit formation occurs on the 80th day from the day the first shoots appear, and tomatoes are fruited from July to October. With proper care from the bush can be collected up to 7 kg a tomato.
Fruits are red with a dense peel 10-12 cm long fruit. Tomatoes variety "Gulliver" - a cylindrical shape, with a rounded top, fleshy, large size.
Weight can reach from 130 to 200 grams. Fruits retain their shape well, do not crack, easily tolerate transportation. Delicate, juicy flesh has a pleasant, sweetish taste. The fruits are great for blanks in the form of tomato paste, lecho, juice and simple salting.The fruits of Gulliver have a cylindrical shape and their weight is 130-200 grams
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Sort "Gulliver" bred not so long ago, but already had a reputation among gardeners and, of course, he has his advantages:
- It has high yield, from individual bushes to 7 kg;
- Minimal care. The tomato is unpretentious during growth, not prone to disease, so it does not need to be further processed;
- Fruits are excellent for salads, juice, sauce, and at the same time suitable for whole fruit preservation;
- Due to its early maturation, the plant can avoid blight by blight.
The disadvantages include the fact that requires constant garter of fruit-bearing branches and weak pollination in greenhouses in inclement weather.
The soil and its requirements for planting seeds
When planting seeds, gardeners usually buy ready-made soil for tomatoes in stores. But for various reasons, it is not always done this way: someone does not trust the purchased mixture in the store, someone lives far from the stores.For planting seed varieties for seedlings, you can use ready-made soil
When self-preparation of the nutrient mixture, you must comply with certain requirements for it. It is desirable to prepare the soil from autumn. To do this, prepare the ingredients, mix them and leave the ground in a cold place. Freezing the soil, we thereby disinfect it. For disinfection, you can also steam or pour boiling water.
For planting seeds, the soil must be:
- Fertile. It should be added the optimal amount of organics and minerals;
- With a neutral level of acidity and live microflora;
There are many recipes for ground composition for planting seeds, here are a few of them:
- One part of the earth is mixed with the same amount of humus, sod land and mix everything. Then in 10 liters of water we dissolve 10 grams of urea, 30 grams of superphosphate and 25 grams of potassium sulfate and pour the prepared soil to moisture.
- Two parts of the turf land mixed with one part of the humus and add one part of the river sand there. Then add half a liter of wood ash to this composition and mix everything by watering with water to a moisture.
Planting seeds and features of growing seedlingsTomato seeds Gulliver
Due to the fact that the grade early maturingSeeds need to be sown for 80-90 days before the start of ripening. To seedlings grow faster, you need to let the seeds hatch. To do this, put them on a damp cloth, then in a plastic bag and put them in a warm place on the battery, periodically checking the humidity.
Seeds show sprouts usually for 4-5 days. After you have prepared the nutrient mixture and seeds, you need to start planting directly. To do this, pour in a plastic container drainage in the form of expanded clay, then the ground and pour it.
We sow seeds in each container two each for warranty. At the same time, for convenience, pre-make recesses. We cover with a film and expose on the window sill, on the lighted place. As soon as the seedlings appear, the film must be removed.
Planting seedlings in the ground
The variety "Gulliver" is early ripe and it is intended mainly for for planting in greenhousesso we’ll dwell on this. It is better to renew the ground in the greenhouse and then process it with copper sulphate (30 grams per bucket of water). Ventilate the greenhouse, then dig up the ridge with humus.Planting of Gulliver’s seedlings should be carried out in the greenhouse.
Fresh manure can not be added to the soil in spring, since all the nutritional power will go to the tops. Can be planted in an unheated greenhouse May 15-20when the temperature there will be about 25 degrees.
Seedlings before planting need temper. To do this, take it 4-5 days into the air, gradually increasing the time.
The best time for seedlings is a period of one and a half months, since during this time the root system manages to form well. Holes do the traditional pattern 45 × 50 cm. When planting, it is important not to deepen the growth point in the ground (approximately 15 cm). After transplantation, the plants must be watered abundantly, but not to damp.
To get a good crop of tomatoes, you need to comply with certain agricultural techniques in this case. By this is meant:
- Hilling. Spud the first time you need on the 10th day after planting, then do it every two weeks;
- Loosening. Constantly monitor the root system so that the soil around it is always loose;
- Masking. Regularly remove the axillary inflorescences, after forming a bush on one, two or three branches;
- Watering. It is necessary to water as the soil dries, in the evening and with warm water (heated in a barrel).
The first time do fertilizing phosphorus in 2-3 weeks after transplanting. The second time ammonium nitrate - during the formation of the fruit.
Diseases and prevention of tomatoes
In greenhouses, when growing tomatoes, are especially dangerous caterpillars gnawing scoop. They can be collected manually, or processed infusion wormwood. Also a lot of trouble happens from the whitefly. Its larvae stick to the bottom of the leaf.
To combat them, use the drug: 10 ml of the drug Phosbecid in 10 liters of water. Other diseases, such as phytophthora and brown spot. They also need to fight in time with certain compositions.
Growing a crop is not an easy task for a gardener. The main thing is to observe the necessary conditions for plant growth and understand the patterns of their development. But the time will come, and you will certainly have a bountiful harvest.